Saddleback Valley Trails
South Orange County California Genealogical Society

Vol. 12 No. 5 Editor: Mary Jo McQueen May 2005

 P.O. Box 4513, Mission Viejo, CA. 92690

Monthly meetings are held on the third Saturday of each month from 10:00 a.m. to Noon at the Mission Viejo Family History Center Institute Building, 27978 Marguerite Parkway, Mission Viejo, between Medical Center Drive and Hillcrest Drive. Membership is open to anyone wishing to join. Yearly membership fees are $20 per calendar year for individuals, $25 for joint membership. SOCCGS is not affiliated with the LDS Family History Center.

Presented By

Rosalind Heaps will present a lecture on the components of the genealogical research notebook. This presentation will be of particular value to those new to genealogical research, and also to the more experienced genealogists. You will learn of ways to hone and improve your research methods. One of the principal keys to successful research is the development of a good system for taking and organizing your research notes.

Ms. Heaps has worked in the Jurupa Family History Center as a Family History Consultant since 1991 and a Patron Services Coordinator for 9 years. And, currently trains Ward Family History Consultants. She has membership with the Riverside and Corona Genealogical Societies and the Southern California Chapter of the Association of Professional Genealogists. She holds a

BS Degree from California Polytechnic University, Pomona.



June 18th -------------Leland Pound - "German Research."
July 16----------------Annie Lloyd - “Welsh Settlements in the USA.”
August 20-------------Kathy Mauzey - “What To Do With That Census Information.”
September 17---------Caroline Rober - “Kentucky Research.”
October 22 -----------Seminar featuring Lloyd Bockstruck.
November 19---------Preserving Your Photographs and Documents
December 16 -------- Holiday Party.


The destination for the May 25 Safari will be the Orange Family History Center. We plan to leave the LDS parking lot promptly at 9:30 a.m. Bring a lunch and $ for your driver. Bill Bluett will be on his trip to England at this time, so please call Mary Jo McQueen, (949) 581-0690, for reservations. Signups will also be taken at the May 21st meeting. The monthly safaris are a great way to research in different facilities and also, to meet your fellow members. Please join us!


“THANK YOU” to the new docent substitutes for helping to fill regular shifts for which we have been unable to find volunteers. Being a docent substitute is a pretty painless way for members to help the society. It entails about one or two shifts a month, depending upon your availability. PLEASE THINK ABOUT IT! And, then call Mary Jo, 581-0690.

Ongoing classes for persons considering becoming docents are held on Thursdays (12-3) and Saturdays (10 to 1). These classes are also open to current docents and others needing help using the resources available at the library. If you are unable to meet one of these times, again call Mary Jo, and we will set up a special time for you.

You always pass failure on the way to success.
~ Mickey Rooney


We had about sixty persons in attendance to hear Barbara Rennick bring us up to date on Internet genealogical research. Ms. Rennick is always a welcome speaker. We are reminded that she will be speaking at the Orange County Genealogical Society on May 7 at the Huntington Beach Library.

Thank you to June Moyer for providing cookies and muffins.

Hospitality Chairman, Leesola Cannon, has made a speedy recovery and was a welcome presence at the meeting.


We are happy to welcome three new Members!
Thomas E. Corning, CORNING (MA 1638-1760, Yarmouth NS 1760-1900, Seattle 1900-present); PERSSON (MN & Oregon 1860) WARREN (1620-1860); ALBRIGHT (1720-1860); MAC CRAE (1860-present); TUTTLE (NY, MN); OBERG (MN 1860); PALMER (1800-present); ROFIDAL; FASSETT; VEATCH; CHURCHILL; WILLIS; HARLOW
Jane Melford
Elisia Sierakowski,, Ancestors from Germany, Poland, Russia, Ukraine: TABATZKY (Tabatz, Tabatzki, Tabatcki, Tabat), SIERAKOWSKI (Sierakowska), WARCZOK (Breslan)
Guests at the meeting were, Steve Blasko; Maggi Finnigan; Barbara Rasmussen and Georgette Davisson.


Due to concerns expressed by the membership at the May meeting, the cookbook format has been revised to include more variety and flexibility.

Expanded Content: The cookbook will now include historical anecdotes about food. This may include topics, such as: table manners, food preparation and preservation, farming and crops, medicinal qualities of foods, and anything other food-related stories you want to share. Share your own experiences as well as those of your ancestors! Use this opportunity to educate younger and future generations about how times have changed.

Here are a few examples of stories you may want to think about sharing:

The kinds of meals families had to get by on during the Depression.

What were your meals like while stationed abroad in the armed forces?

What food rationing was like during World Wars I and II.

Home/kitchen remedies used by your ancestors to treat family illnesses.

Food preservation methods before electricity and refrigeration.

Plus any other stories you wish to share!

Physical Format and Arrangement: The example and instructions on the original flyer are ONLY general guidelines. It is not required that you submit a photo, or a story, with your recipe Articles do not have to be 280-300 words, however, we would like to keep the stories and anecdotes under one full page in length. Please keep in mind that the editorial staff reserves the right to edit the length of submissions.

All submissions must be received by July 1st, 2005.

Thank You,
Colleen Robledo, Ways & Means Chairman


In order to receive information between meetings and newsletters you need to sign up for the SOCCGS Mailing List. You may also use this list to send out a query, or to pass on genealogical information to the group. To subscribe to the SOCCGS mailing list, just send an e-mail to with the message: subscribe. Don't put anything in the subject line. To send a message or query to the list address the message to

To forget one’s ancestors is to be a book without a source,
or a tree without roots.
~ Chinese Proverb

~ Patricia Law Hatcher, CG, FASG

When I think of this children's counting rhyme, it raises the question, What was our ancestors' footwear like? It's something we may not have thought about, but as we strive to understand what our ancestors' lives were like, footwear and clothing is something to consider.

Inside their homes, they may have worn some type of soft footwear (slippers), just as we do today. Sometimes they went barefoot in warmer areas (especially the children), but insect bites, splinters, and uncleared ground made this an undesirable option for general outdoor activities. Their first preferences would have been for what they knew, adapted for a new environment if necessary.

In Europe, common people wore wooden-soled footwear, often called clogs. (Be aware that the meaning and description of terminology for clothing varied over time.) These had leather uppers nailed onto the wooden sole, hence the advantage of long wear. These simple styles that could be made inexpensively at home were imported to the Americas. Clogs were used in various ways. They might have been worn as the main footwear, with or without stockings, or as something like an overshoe to help protect the wearer's shoes from mud.

Frontier settlers soon found that the moccasins favored by the Indians were practical and relatively easy to create, and in some areas these became an accepted form of footwear.

I have noticed that in seventeenth-century inventories there is a differentiation between shoes and boots. For example, a man might be said to own one pair of boots and one pair of shoes, but rarely do you see more than one of each. Technically, “boot” referred to footwear that came above the ankle, often being calf-high or even knee-high.

There was another difference between shoes and boots. Shoes had fasteners. Shoelaces are said to have been invented about 1790, and laced shoes came in to common use in the 1800s. So, for our early American ancestors, shoes were fastened onto the feet by latchets (straps) secured by buckles. Shoe buckles have two parts. The “chape” is the working portion of the buckle. It might have bars and/or sharp prongs to hold the straps in place. Not that they always worked. Shoe buckles seem to have been subject to frequent breakage or loss. For example, on one day in 1784 my ancestor in Virginia bought one pair of men's shoes, for which he seemed to have needed three pairs of shoe buckles.

Quite a few broken, lost, or abandoned shoe buckles have been found in archaeological digs or among miscellaneous “old stuff,” in both Europe and America. They also appear in drawings and paintings. Thus, we know that shoe buckles also could have a decorative component, ranging from simple scrolling on the metalwork of the chape to paste jewels on a shoe buckle belonging to a society gentleman or lady. Today, there are a number of companies that supply replicas of antique shoe buckles, especially for persons involved in reenactments. You can find many illustrations on the Internet.
I have a fascinating drawing in my home that was an illustration to an old English book of children's' songs, in this case “Hot Cross Buns.” The lady of the house appears in the doorway wearing soft slippers. Her two children have shoes with buckles. The old woman selling the hot cross buns is standing on the cobbled street. She is wearing shoes with buckles, but attached to the shoes are metal rings that elevate her shoes above the cobblestones (and the water, mud, and sewage commonly found on city streets). These rings are called “pattens” and were often attached to shoes and clogs in early America.

Both shoes and boots were manufactured by a cordwainer (leatherworker) or shoemaker. Shoemakers formed shoes by shaping leather around a wooden “last.” Each last was a different size. Lastmaking was considered a separate trade from shoemaking, as were the tanners and curriers who prepared the leather. Early footwear wasn't particularly shaped to the foot. In fact, even custom footwear didn't come in left and right! It would be made to general length and width, but both shoes were just alike. Shoes specifically for left and right feet were mass-produced in the mid-1800s. Any type of footwear was repaired as it wore, so early shoemakers--and shoe wearers--did as much repairing as creating, probably more.

Adequately-shod feet were critical to successful colonial ventures. In the Colonial Williamsburg Journal, in "Footprints on the Past," D. A. Saguto (Colonial Williamsburg's master boot and shoemaker) writes that “The earliest surviving list of recommended apparel for the would-be Virginian was written for servants going to Smyth's Plantation in 1618. On it are three pairs of shoes and repair supplies--soles, thread, awls, pitch, and rosin--worth 1.5 times all other articles of regular clothing combined.” The Massachusetts Bay Company suggested that a man should have four pairs of shoes and three pairs of stockings.

Under their shoes, boots, and clogs, people often (but not always) wore stockings, generally knitted of wool (only the wealthy could afford silk, and cotton doesn't seem to have been used much for knitting). To help you envision your ancestors' stockings, one word will help--baggy. Stockings were not shaped to the foot and leg, but were generally tubes. They bagged around the ankles and over the insole. If you think about it, it makes more sense from a practical point of view, because the stocking could be turned for even wear, making it longer lasting. This did, however, sometimes necessitate the use of garters to keep the stockings up.

Stockings were often more colorful than other elements of wardrobe in an inventory. For example, a collateral relative of mine died in 1757 with few assets other than his clothing, which included a pair of blew worsted stockings, a pair of black worsted stockings, a pair of blew yarn stockings, and a pair of pale blew yarn stockings. Red stockings were popular in the colonial period.

Unless your ancestors were among the wealthy, who would have followed fashion (fancy men's shoes had higher heels--often painted red!), they were most likely to have chosen footwear that fit their lifestyles and the environment in which they lived.

Patricia Law Hatcher, CG, FASG, is the author of Producing a Quality Family History.
(Copyright 2005,, Ancestry Daily News, 10 March 2005)

By Colleen Robledo

Welcome to the inaugural edition of the Genealogy Tech Tips Column. This will be an ongoing feature in the SOCCGS newsletter!

Trying to keep up with the ever-changing nature and variety of technological tools available for genealogy researchers can be positively overwhelming. Just when you get comfortable with one tool, another one comes along to stump you! This is where I hope this column will help, as each month, I will showcase and provide instruction on a different technological topic relevant to your research. This may include organizing and archiving email, designing a simple free web site, backing up genealogy data, or doing genealogy on a handheld computer.

In order to make this column applicable to our membership’s needs, I would like to hear from you, the members, concerning the types of tools already used, as well as topics about which you would like to learn more. The most effective way to do this will be for you to take the Genealogy Tech Tips Column online survey on the SOCCGS web site: http://www.soccgs.orgtechsurvey.html, or you may email me at: Thank you!

Thank you, Colleen. How fortunate we are to have a member who is both learned and willing to give us additional tools to accomplish our genealogy goals.


When you get a map, get two of them – one to use and one to keep in your files. First, you place the map face down on an ironing board or table – a flat surface. Place a layer of thin plastic (like a cleaner's bag) on top of the map and top that with a piece of cloth, such as an old sheet.

Iron with an iron set at the temperature for the cloth. Do not iron back and forth, just press down and then move the iron to a new spot. Do this over the entire surface. This melts the plastic and bonds the paper of the map to the piece of cloth. When it's all bonded and cooled, trim around the edge of the map and cloth.

Your map can now be folded, rolled or bent, and it won't be harmed. You can mark on it and use it without having it wear out at the folds. When you’ve completed the project, you can transfer valid markings to your other map (which you saved), and your material can be filed away. If you decide to throw out the old marked-up map away, there is no major loss.

(From OZAR’KIN, Bulletin of the Ozark Gen. Soc., Vol. VII, No. 4, Winter 1985)

"None are so old as those who have outlived enthusiasm."
~Henry David Thoreau


California Marriage Records 1949-1985 is at:
You must ask for a guest pass. After you give them an email address and they will send a password.

CA Death Records 1940-1997 can be searched for free at:

Indiana Pioneer Cemeteries Restoration Project: - Find address and phone number of living people anywhere in US if they have a listed telephone number - Download and print free forms and charts, including blank forms for all censues. - U. S. Surname Distribution. Type in your surname and up comes a color coded map indicating the frequency of that name in the different regions of the US for different census years. - Library of Congress Map Collections: 1500-2004 - Find the location and how to order vital records. (NUCMC) National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections. NUCMC is a free-of-charge cooperative cataloging program operated by the Library of Congress. Check out its resources to find out more about the program, about archives and manuscript repositories, and about topics of interest to archivists and their institutions' patrons. You may find manuscripts about your ancestors here.


The Scotsman newspaper now has images online from its beginning in 1817 to 1934. It is apparent from the home page that they expect lots of interest from family historians. There is a genealogy section, which includes some basic advice, and the tips on searching the archived papers explain how to look for names. You must register to search or to read recent articles.

The search is free and flexible; for example, you can choose to search articles, illustrations, and advertisements separately or all at once. You can also set the span of years to be searched. If you decide to follow through and read articles you then decide what sort of an access pass suits your needs. Rates are reasonable, about

US $15 for a twenty-four-hour period. The daily rate declines according to the time of pass selected, such as weekly or monthly.


With a card from the Orange County Public Library system you can access an online newspaper database that includes the Orange County Register (1987-Present).
Check it out at:

"Inspiration exists, but it has to find you working."
Pablo Picasso


(Ancestry Daily News, 2005,

From the New York Herald (New York, N.Y.), 25 March 1871, page 5

A Funeral in Brooklyn Stopped by the Health Authorities

Coroner Jones was notified yesterday to hold an inquest over the body of a child named Joseph Zazier, who, the physician's certificate set forth, had died at 127 Meecker avenue, from croup. It appears that the parents of the child were about to bury it on thursday at the Cypress Hills Cemetery, on a permit obtained of the physician. The health authorities were informed that the child had died from smallpox, and an officer stopped the funeral. The body was placed in a receiving vault. If the Coroner finds that the child died from smallpox the physician will be held to a strict account.

From the Star and Banner (Gettysburg, Pa.), 15 December 1854, page 3:

A young man whose wants in every other particular have been supplied, desires to form a matrimonial alliance for the purpose of securing himself complete happiness. His vocation enables him to support a wife in a proper manner; and he fancies he can secure comfort to any one who will confide her welfare to his keeping. He is in his 25th year, a good height, and passably good looking. He desires a young lady younger than himself, equal in personal appearance, one possessing a good education, and who understands something about household affairs. Communications will be perfectly confidential.

Address: Mark Merton, Care of Editors of "Star," Gettysburg, Pa., December 15.

From the Adams Sentinel (Gettysburg, PA) 28 December 1846, page 4:

The Louisville Journal informs the world that Mr. John Hayes, the unlucky gentleman who thought it wise to court two ladies at once, and was instructed by a jury to give one of them six thousand dollars for limiting his action in her case to the courting alone, has promptly responded to the summons, by drawing and handing over his check for the amount. He could not deny himself the pleasure, however, of launching a little stroke of malice at the fair plaintiff and the jury by filling up his check in this wise:

Louisville, Dec, 6, 1846
Henry S. Julian, Esq. Treasurer of Mechanics' Savings Institution of Louisville: Please pay to
the bearer, for a Sunday evening walk, six thousand dollars, and charge the same to account.


From The Fort Wayne News (Fort Wayne, Indiana), 16 February 1898, page 1:

Nearly Three Hundred Men go Down on Board the Battleship Maine in the Harbor of Havana.

BOMB PLACED UNDER THE BOW OF THE BOAT - Special From Havana Leads to the Belief That the Hellish Deed May be the Work of Spanish Sympathizers.

NAVY OFFICERS SCOUT THE THEORY OF ACCIDENT - Captain Sigsbee Declares That the Magazine Was in Perfect Condition--Hundreds of Sharks Add to the Unspeakable Horror.

HAVANA, Feb. 16.--The United States steamer Maine, a charred and torn hulk, lies at the bottom of the harbor, a tomb for 100 of her crew. She was blown up by an explosion at 9:40 last night. Most of the crew were asleep at the time. The indications were that a torpedo had been exploded under the bow of the battleship. Captain Sigsbee, who was wounded in the head, says the ship's powder magazine was in perfect order. All of the crew who were not disabled showed great coolness and courage. The Spanish cruiser Alphonso launched boats and hurried them to the sinking battleship. The number of dead is unknown. The explosion shook the city from one end to the other, and created the greatest excitement. All electric lights were put out by the shock. It was almost two hours before it was known what had exploded.

Page 6


May 13 & 14 - Southern California 36th Annual Jamboree in Burbank. For information: LTMYERS@EARTHLINK.NET
Scheduled speakers are: Jana Sloan Broglin, Tom Kemp, Bill Dollarhide, Leland Meitzler, Andy Pomeroy, Tom Underhill, Elaine Alexander and John Shupe.

August 13, 2005 - 9 am to 4 pm - The British Isles Family History Society - U.S.A. proudly presents LINDA JONAS speaking on "Essentials for Making British Connections" at the Veterans Memorial Complex, 4117 Overland Avenue (at the corner of Culver Blvd.), Culver City, CA. More information to follow.

Genealogical Workshops

May 3 - Naturalization & Immigrations Records
May 18 - Preserving Your Family’s History
May 25 - Introduction to Genealogical Resources
All classes begin at 9:30 a.m.

Call (949) 360-2641, ext. 0 to reserve your space. Cost, $7.50, payable at the door. 24000 Avila Road, 1st Floor East, Laguna Niguel 92677.


An elderly woman and her little grandson, whose face was sprinkled with bright freckles, spent the day at the zoo. Lots of children were waiting in line to get their cheeks painted by a local artist who was decorating them with tiger paws.
"You've got so many freckles, there's no place to paint!" a girl in the line said to the little fella. Embarrassed, the little boy dropped his head.

His grandmother knelt down next to him and said, "I love your freckles. When I was a little girl I always wanted freckles, she told him, while tracing her finger across the child's cheek. "Freckles are beautiful!"
The boy looked up, "Really?" "Of course," said the grandmother. "Why, just name me one thing that's prettier than freckles."

The little boy thought for a moment, peered intensely into his grandma's face, and softly whispered, "Wrinkles."

"Imagination will often carry us to worlds that never were.
But without it, we go nowhere."
~Carl Sagan


South Orange County California Genealogical Society Membership/Renewal Application

( ) New ( ) Renewal ( ) Individual, $20/yr. ( ) Jt. Members, same address $25/yr.

Renewal Membership Number(s) _________________________ _____________________

Name(s) _______________________________________________________________________________

Address _______________________________________________________________________________

City _____________________________ State_____Zip ____________Phone ______________________

Email address:__________________________________________________________________________

Make check payable to: SOCCGS (South Orange County CA Genealogical Society) Check No. __________________

Mail with application to: SOCCGS, P.O. Box 4513, Mission Viejo, CA 92690-4513 Date Rec'd__________________


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